High Blood Pressure and Your Brain


High Blood Pressure and Your Brain

How high blood pressure and your brain effects your life.  According to the American Heart Association, one in three U.S. adults has high blood pressure. While physicians have more weapons in their arsenal to deal with hypertension, they’re still losing this on-going battle. The American Heart Association notes that in the last 10 years between 1996 and 2006, the rate of deaths caused by hypertension increased by 19.5 percent, while the actual number of deaths increased 48.1 percent.

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High blood pressure makes the entire body ill, but it has especially incapacitating impacts on your brain. Uncontrolled high blood pressure can cause a fatal brain condition or can discreetly deteriorate an individual’s brain every year, minimizing their quality of life.   There is some proof that the damage continues even after blood pressure is medically regulated, making it more crucial than ever that you remain knowledgeable about your blood pressure, eat well and exercise to keep it under control.


Hypertension can be very damaging.  It can cause a stroke, which is a loss of blood circulation to the brain cells, which can be fatal or leave you totally handicapped for life.   The American Stroke Association estimates that hypertension is responsible for about 60 percent of all cases concerning a stroke and is the most controllable element for stroke.   There are 2 kinds of strokes but high blood pressure increases the danger for either one.  Hypertension can both damage and narrow blood vessels in the brain making the vessels more likely to burst and cause a hemorrhagic stroke.  It can likewise cause blood clots in the arteries of the brain, which can cut off essential blood flow to the brain and lead to an ischemic stroke.  Controlling your blood pressure lowers your chances of having a stroke more than other single intervention.


High blood pressure can cause transient ischemic attacks, or ministrokes.  A ministroke, according to MayoClinic.com, is a short-term interruption in the blood supply to the brain.  Atherosclerosis, a hardening of the arteries caused by high blood pressure which can make ministrokes more probable.  Ministrokes can likewise be an essential sign, considering that most people who suffer a ministroke go on to suffer a stroke at a later date.


Hypertension is also connected with dementia later in life. MayoClinic.com discusses that one reason for dementia, vascular dementia, can arise from the narrowing and blocking of the arteries that supply blood to the brain. High blood pressure causes constricting of the arteries throughout the body, including in the brain. Doctors have actually even begun to explore treating Alzheimer’s illness with substance abuse for high blood pressure, suggesting a link.

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Subtle Cognitive Decline

Even patients who don’t experience full-blown dementia, however, can suffer some cognitive decline due to hypertension. Researches have actually shown that grownups with long-term high blood pressure can have difficulty learning, suffer light amnesia, have trouble maintaining attention and even lose some psychomotor abilities. There is some evidence that this holds true even of patients who have hypertension that is being treated with medication.  The journal “Behavioral Neuroscience” reports that “even controlled hypertension may be connected with deficits in brain structure and cognition,” making it even more important for people to keep their blood pressure in a healthy range through eating right and continual exercise.